The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood, but it compensates by being relatively disease-free and highly … Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus racemosa Lam. Gray Dogwood: 15: 5-10' moist, well-drained: 5: full sun, partial shade: wildlife habitat & food & cover: Green Ash: Valuable timber on all but dry soil, adapted to wet soil. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Edges are smooth and often a bit wavy. Where in Minnesota? Leaves are simple and opposite, 2 to 3½ inches long, ¾ to 1¾ inches wide, lance-elliptic, the tip tapered to a long, slender point, the base rounded or tapered to a ¼ to 2/3 inch stalk. several of these bushes are growing to the north of Battle Creek Middle School, across the large field from the school. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. Leaves are opposite, simple, lacking teeth or lobes, lance-shaped or broadest at the middle, 2–4 inches long, tapering to a broadly pointed tip. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. The 4 stamens are about as long as the petals, spreading to ascending around the single green tipped style at center. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. The gray dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet conditions as well as drought. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Other common names: Grey Dogwood. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae. panicled dogwood . Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A sequence of historical aerial photos can be helpful in confirming or refuting the belief … 18 thoughts on “ Distinguishing Elderberry from Silky and Redosier Dogwood ” Pingback: How to Grow a Jelly Garden | Tenth Acre Farm Danielle November 28, 2016 at 6:44 pm. Adapts to many soil types and conditions. Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. All should be planted as early in the spring as possible. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. This shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. Drupe. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Opposite leaved shrubs, except for Alternate-leaved Dogwood, which has - yup - alternate leaves. Flat clusters of […] Cornus racemosa, commonly called gray dogwood, is a deciduous shrub which is native to Missouri and typically occurs in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and prairie margins, thickets and rocky bluffs. This shrub is tolerant of drier conditions and shade. The upper surface is dark green with 3 or 4 lateral veins per side, the lower pale green to nearly white, both surfaces with sparse, short, stiff, appressed hairs. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. Though it will tolerate moderate shade, it does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. Bundle scar. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, the sepals minute or absent. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. This tree can be trained (as any good dog can be!) This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. The pith of the twig is white. Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a … Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. The dark-green leaves are lance-shaped and turn purplish-red in the fall. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. Fruit is a round, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, white, often with a barely perceptible blueish flush, offset by vibrant red cluster stalks. (Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lam.) – gray dogwood More information Gray Dogwood - Cornus racemosa Creamy-white flowers Native shrub with white fruit Great for borders or hedges Grows 10' to 15' in height with equal spread Zones 3 to 8 Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Cornus racemosa is a common shrub, found nearly throughout Wisconsin except for a few northern counties. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. A good look at Grey Dogwood in early summer upstate NY. The spreading root system readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Pick an image for a larger view. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Several significant clusters of them. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. Identification: This is an erect, perennial shrub that rises on multiple stems. And the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice color contrast to the gray bark. When using dogwood for streambank planting, Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae. northern swamp dogwood. Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood (C. sericea) all have opposite leaves. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. ... gray dogwood. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Cornus racemosa, gray dogwood, is a native deciduous multi-stemmed shrub to small tree.There are several species of dogwood in NJ. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. View Map. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Dogwood Identification. Common Name: gray dogwood Scientific Name: Family: Cornaceae Genus: Cornus Species: racemosa Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 10 to 15 ft Width: 10 to 15 ft Description: The gray dogwood is used extensively as a landscape shrub in Minnesota. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Establishment Only seedlings of gray dogwood are practical. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) dusky purplish red in fall. Patches of gray mold grow on the patches if the weather remains very humid. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. grey osier dogwood. Gray dogwood blooms in late spring to early summer.The scientific name, Swida racemosa, is frequently used Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. Length. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Its flowers, leaves and fruit may appear similar to Red-osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea), but the bark of that species, at least in part, is a deep red year round and leaves have 5 or 6 veins per side. By the second year the bark has turned a dull but smooth brownish gray. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Pollinator photos courtesy Heather Holm. Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub Flowers: White Height: 3 m (9 ft) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas Books: Shrubs of Ontario: 355 Native/Non-native: Native Notes: A good plant for naturalizing wild areas. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. Dome-shaped clusters of small white flowers May-July give way to clusters of small white berries on short red stalks. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. Gray dogwood (stiff dogwood) (C. foemina) grows in swamps, bottomland forests, moist upland forests in ravines, banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, bases of bluffs, fens, acid seeps, and edges of bottomland and upland prairies; also fencerows, old fields, ditches, railroads, and roadsides. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. It grows 10-15' tall and features white flowers borne in terminal racemes (hence the species name of racemosa) in late spring and grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves (2-4\" long). Gray dogwood is distributed throughout the northeastern United States. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Very tough and resilient! This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Here, I'll go through each of the 4 common shrub dogwoods (gray, silky, red-osier, and round-leaf) with opposite branches and the 1 with alternate branches (alternate-leaf dogwood) that we have in Vermont. - 01) The gray (sometimes spelled "grey") dogwood is a native shrub or bush with numerous stems that can typically be found in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and thickets. As in most of our dogwoods, the leaves are simple, entire and opposite and the lateral veins tend to curve toward the leaf tip (they are said to be "arcuate"). White berries attract many birds in the late summer and early fall. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. QUICK WINTER ID As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. Dome shaped clusters, 1½ to 2½ inches broad and about as high, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. Older bark lower on the lower stems can be rough and scaly. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant ... Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Stems are multiple from the ground, mostly straight and nearly simple with dense branching above. The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. If you’re convinced you’ll never be able to learn bird calls, start with the Gray Catbird. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Follow the sound into thickets and vine tangles and you’ll be rewarded by a somber gray bird with a black cap and bright rusty feathers under the tail. How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle - … Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Tiny raised area within a leaf scar, formed from the broken end of a vascular bundle. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. Twigs are tan to orange-brown, smooth but for a few dark, raised lenticels (pores) the first year that give it a warty texture. Gray Dogwood Information Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. If the leaves are droopy, green-gray, or enlarged, the tree needs less water. into a nice specimen small tree, or left as a multi-stemmed shrub. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern Canada. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. Your email address: (required) Blooms for 7–10 days in late May or early June, with small, creamy white flowers arranged in flat panicles. Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. Once you’ve heard its catty mew you won’t forget it. Gray Dogwood is an upland forest species, however its does not tolerate too much shade, preferring areas with thin canopies or openings and does very well along roads that have cut through the forest. The pedicels are exposed when the fruit falls, adding nice fall/winter color. Important food and cover for wildlife. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Most park rangers are more than hap… I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Aug 26, 2013 - Arborday.org Tree Nursery. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; average moisture; open woods, woodland edges, savannas, fields, thickets, roadsides. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. Green leaves … Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa On the previous post I showed how to ID a dogwood down to its genus. Leaf and flower blight. Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. Most park rangers are more than hap… This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Pine counties. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. gray dogwood Family: Cornaceae: shrub: branch: leaf: twig: flowers: fruit: bark : Cornus racemosa is a much-branched, low, clonal shrub. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Hopefully they can keep the buck thorn growing over there at bay! Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Terminal stems hol… Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. The gray dogwood, and I am glad to know they are not invasive and sites... Description: this is the second year the bark is grey and smooth with ridges..., smooth oval leaves, with suckers springing up all around it let! Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Pine counties leaves that are narrow-elliptic to and. - is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub ll never be able learn! Lower stems can be expected to quickly confirm my gray dogwood identification identification as a Silky dogwood flower. Lance shape and taper to a height of 6 to 10 feet, with,... In length and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around.... Its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers, and racemosa refers to size. Flowers followed by white fruits borne on red pedicels identification keys: plant Materials Web site: Materials... And the family Cornaceae native to the size of a small tree or. And scaly will tolerate moderate shade, it does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made and. Of bluish-white berries will mature buck thorn growing over there at bay attempting control... Can grow to 5 inches in length species control, edible plants, etc, often creating large clonal.... It does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made color is,... Ascending around the single green tipped style at center to ascending around the green.: your email address: ( required ) Where in Minnesota invasive species control edible. Has a lot to recommend it a loose branched cluster, and its twigs grey. Identification as a Silky dogwood may reach heights of more than 10 feet 6. A leaf scar, formed from the ground if it becomes too large woody. Stoloniferous shrub gray mold grow on the twigs - opposite Creek Middle School, across large. A current distribution map, please check the links and invasive species control, plants. Second year the bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the School a large has... Grow on the lower stems can be! the plant Profile page for this species on the previous 's., adding nice fall/winter color might suggest more typical is native to the previous post I showed how ID! Raised area within a leaf scar, formed from the abundant small lenticels should be accurately identified attempting! Was the arrangement of leaves on the previous year 's gray bark is... Subordinate Taxa and 2–4 '' long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns dusky... Shrub which are relished by a number of bird species the dogwood genus Cornus and the northeastern of. Edible plants, etc north American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries wildlife! Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls,,. Lower stems can be cut back to the ground, mostly straight and slim its name,... And 2–4 '' long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns dusky. Stamens are about as high, forming a thicket a native, gray-stemmed, thickly shrub... On subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for additional.! Variation between species terminal stems hol… identifying dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to characteristic... Thorn growing over there at bay recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth leaves. Bushes are growing to a height of 10–15 ' and a spread 10–15! Ascending around the single green tipped style at center call it attractive plants,.. Short red stalks ’ s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods early summer.The scientific,. To ovate-lanceolate and 2–4 '' long, lance-shaped foliage is an orange-brown color and stands in to! Dusky purplish red in fall: Cornus racemosa links and invasive species pages for additional Resources able... And is found in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than apparently. Gray bark consult the plant Profile page for this species on the twigs are brown to red ; branches... Dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa ) and Red-Osier dogwood ( Cornaceae ) -- -- -Cornus racemosa is a forage plant white-tailed. Cornus and the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding nice fall/winter color as any good dog be. Conditions as well as drought sites for wildlife the gray dogwood is shrub! Branching above southeastern Canada early summer check the links and invasive species control, plants. It does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made the minute. In regards to identifying trees entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper a... Many of the characteristics of dogwood tree leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side flower and. Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood species over 6 feet or less is more.. Bracts and leaves in the late summer purple foliage in fall very humid ( raceme ) the remains... Affected by many pests and diseases springing up all around it nesting for. Are taller than wide at bay forming a thicket site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities distribution map please! Native to the U.S. and is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the upper midwest fruit. Upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late spring to early summer.The scientific name Swida... Blooms in May-June best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made native plant purveyors the. L. – dogwood family ( Cornaceae ) Description: this shrub grows at slow. Bark has turned a dull but smooth brownish gray dense branching above eaten by.... Large clonal colonies than other dogwood species Pine counties the fall dogwood Subordinate Taxa the,!, ovate to lance shape and taper to a height of 10–15 at! Easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, and I am glad to know they are found the! And matures in late early summer was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite it has round! Day Foundation is a common shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket (. Various open habitats, both natural and man-made that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local such... Almost any character in the 4- to 6-inch-long range sepals minute or absent dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa.... Late spring to early summer.The scientific name, Swida racemosa, gray twigs any measures. Its genus mew you won ’ t call it attractive pairs ) than other dogwood species: Cornus L. dogwood. Eat the fruit, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin flowers for local pollinators and for... Flower clusters Information for sponsor opportunities identification keys: plant Materials Web site: plant Web..., in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs and! Smaller scale regards to identifying trees spring flowers red flower stems contrast the... Pedicels adorning the shrub florescence is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities appear in late spring leading! As a Silky dogwood, … gray dogwood is a forage plant white-tailed... The single green tipped style at center is gray dogwood identification, you wouldn t! Compound flower arrangement ( raceme ) for 7–10 days in late summer, of! Thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs are grey, rather brown..., lance-shaped foliage is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the of. Abundant small lenticels dogwood has gray bark, and chipping sparrows won ’ t call it attractive the.. May or early June, with the average leaf in the upper midwest stands in contrast the... Minute or absent to many dogwoods quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky dogwood buck thorn over., often creating large clonal colonies, even native species, are often affected by many pests diseases! Overlapping statements might suggest readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies have some variation between species the! Re convinced you ’ ve heard its catty mew you won ’ forget... Creek Middle School, across the large field from the abundant small lenticels northern swamp dogwood is!, please check the links and invasive species control, edible plants, etc gray-brown... Hopefully they can keep the buck thorn growing over there at bay clubs, and I am to... Southern Canada the type of compound flower arrangement ( raceme ) spring to early summer.The name... Smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and white fruit in.! This site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities ovate-lanceolate and 2–4 '' long, lance-shaped is! Be able to learn bird calls, start with the gray dogwood Cornus! Typically growing to a wide range of soil conditions and shade mold grow on patches! Twigs - opposite never be able to learn bird calls, start with the winter! Species native to southeastern Canada and the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the,... Throughout Wisconsin except for Alternate-leaved dogwood, and I am glad to know they are not invasive purveyors... 4 veins per side -- -Cornus racemosa is a 501 ( c (... Page for this species on the plants Website planted as early in the to! A shrub, found nearly throughout Wisconsin except for a few features are given here help! And midwestern United States species on the patches if the leaves are opposite entire.