*�T����t^�f��P3"����C��T�6�XM)�$�>�Z?r Average weight of Eastern cottontail rabbits is 0.9-1.8 kg (2-4 lbs), with females being larger than males. But, if you had a wish to see them, head towards large green open lands, busy areas, swamps, and woody lands. F ound throughout the state, eastern cottontail rabbits are most common in southern Michigan landscapes with abundant edge habitat. Eastern cottontail habitat is found in the valley farmland region where fields and pastures are interspersed with hedgerows and low, dense brush. Photo: James "Jim" Marshall The only native cottontail east of the Hudson River in New York is the New England cottontail. Habitat of Eastern Cottontail Usually they love to stay in the meadows or in open areas. The Division of Wildlife’s mission is to conserve and improve fish and wildlife resources and their habitats for sustainable use and appreciation by all. One way to reduce the potential for damage caused by rabbits is to remove potential places that rabbits might take cover. Females can have 1 to 7 litters of 1 to 12 young, in a year; however, they average 3 to 4 litters per year, and the average number of kits is 5. In Vermont, snow cover limits the distribution and densities of the cottontail population. Habitat/range: The range of the Desert cottontail is from southern California into the central United States, from eastern Montana to western Texas and into northern Mexico. Diet The eastern cottontail is an herbivore. Hearing an incoming predator before they get close enough to attack is the primary defense mechanism of cottontail rabbits. The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Eastern cottontail total population size. A rabbit’s soft fur is brownish above and white below. But, if you had a wish to see them, head towards large green open lands, busy areas, swamps, and woody lands. Their eyes begin to open in 4-7 days. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, but the eastern cottontail is the most common. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. New England cottontails require large patches of shrubland or young forest, often called thickets, with dense, tangled vegetation. It hops when running, because its hind legs are longer than its front legs. Eastern cottontail prefers open spaces. Found throughout the state, eastern cottontail rabbits are most common in southern Michigan landscapes with abundant edge habitat.An edge is the area where two different habitats meet, such as a field and a forest. Females construct their nests alone; these are slanting holes dug in soft soil and lined with vegetation and white fur from their underside. The vast majority of hunters in America are within an easy drive of prime cottontail country. Rabbits have almost a 360-degree vision and are able to see behind them. Eastern cottontails do not dig burrows, but rather rest in a form, a shallow, scratched-out depression in a clump of grass or under brush. The eastern cottontail rabbit is a popular game animal and one of the most commonly found mammals in the United States. It will sometimes stand on its hind feet to watch for predators like coyotes, foxes, weasels, eagles and hawks. They are active year-round and typically live in one home range throughout their lifetime. These young forests are generally less than 25 years old. Approximately half of the rabbits diet consists of grasses in summer, and rounded out by both white and red clover, wild strawberries, and garden vegetables. These animals are found in the following types of habitat Eastern cottontails are herbivores (graminivores, folivores, frugivores); their diet is varied and largely dependent on availability. They adapt themselves according to their surroundings even in the human habitats. To escape predation Eastern cottontails will run fast in a zig-zag pattern, move low to the ground with their ears laid back to avoid detection or will freeze and stay motionless. Order: Lagamorpha. @eP�#a�IPAdc�Er�L$�&Gp�[ �8* z0�ir8e���R��pA4�J�z�� E�� �Df�4�� �D& �!���B*�T�: !h(�n�P��itCE�H���HX@�A���w�]�ABR�CZ!����\����9T��"7g�&~6��Cp�4�q�@�(t�������A�Iu�+@��" p" Tt0���0�!R Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List. They depend on low growing woody vegetation for food as wel… They prefer an area where they can hide quickly but be out in the open. When chased, they run in a zigzag pattern, reaching up to 18 mph (29 km/h). It is chunky, red-brown, or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. Litters usually disperse at about 7 weeks and reproductive maturity occurs at about 2 to 3 months of age. Winter is the most difficult time of year for rabbits. An edge is the area where two different habitats meet, such as a field and a forest. They adapt themselves according to their surroundings even in the human habitats. $���q�IBI(���P"�A��<2܁� � �*>��UPa A$!��T�UZB�'�G� A �fX$��ӘAH$�� .�� �(@�$�A��I4��H �An�a��A" $�It�$D�Jj!��A�pp� Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. Its range of habi­tats in­cludes mead­ows, or­chards, farm­lands, hedgerows and areas with sec­ond growth shrubs, vines and low de­cid­u­ous trees. Habitat. �Hea� x��]�RJ+��/���A'QS�#�! Cottontails likes to live in bushy areas where their presence is not easily detected by predators. Eastern cottontail (rabbit) (Sylvilagus floridanus) Eastern cottontail (rabbit) Category: Mammals. While Eastern Cottontails can have as many as 7-8 litters a year, the … They are usually found in and around farms including fields, pastures, open woods, thickets associated with fencerows, wooded thickets, forest edges, and suburban areas with adequate food and cover. They occasionally pop out in mid-day to nibble on some food. �BX�@��H �i��|4��AN+'� @� W����$�B���T��`� Eastern Cottontail Description. 4��C6�. �B! There is less information on how to manage for this species than there is for the eastern cottontail. They have very few sweat glands, so in the summer when they get hot, the blood vessels in their ears dilate to dissipate heat, and they might pant through their nose. Managing Habitat for Eastern Cottontails P E N N S Y L V A N I A W I L D L I F E N O. -e���2�f�{N�䞲�+K��K��~�M�����@��� �j�A�L��M�Nd�n��A�ƅèa�uU�#� ��! Although Eastern cottontails are not currently threatened they suffer from changes in their habitat, predation, and hunting pressure. This species is even found in Southern Canada and northwestern South America. cottontails are found in dryland, arid areas., wood & grasslands. The high reproductive capacity and adaptability of this species has made the cottontail one of the most important game animals in North America. DNA testing is usually the preferred method for positively identifying between Eastern and New England cottontails. Diet: Almost entirely herbivorous. =k�Q���a���!��! They thrive in openings wherever shrubs, grasses, and forbs dominate. However, its range has been greatly reduced in the state due to habitat loss and competition with the more abundant Eastern cottontail. The eastern cottontail rabbit scientific name is Sylvilagus floridanus. Because they are poorly camouflaged in snow, winter cover needs are acute for cottontails. Range Extent. They are active year-round and do not hibernate. They have dense gray fur with longer black-tipped outer hairs (guard hairs). 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